Mel Schwartz, LCSW

The Problem with Perfection

In recent years, I’ve treated increasing numbers of individuals who are driven to distraction through their pursuit of perfection.  The desire to be perfect traps and burdens many people and imprisons them with unrelenting stress, often creating havoc in their lives. This is a very curious thing, given that these same people believe that seeking perfection is desirable. Like many operating beliefs and assumptions, when we take a deeper look, they may appear nonsensical.

Perfection suggests a state of flawlessness, without any defects. To be perfect implies a condition whereby your action or performance attains a level of excellence that cannot be exceeded. Seeking perfection at a particular task might be achievable, and certainly a student can strive to attain a perfect grade or you can try to accomplish a perfect execution of something. You can hope to bowl 300 or produce a perfect report at work. You certainly hope your surgeon does a perfect job on your operation.

Yet, the goal of being perfect in life is altogether a different story. A machine or electronic device may operate perfectly — at least for a while. Yet, over time it will begin to wear down and require repair. The very notion of perfection is rooted in the paradigm of Newton’s mechanistic universe. Humans, however, were never intended to be perfect. That’s part of the definition of being human. Consider the expression, “I’m just human.”

In our culture we move relentlessly toward greater emphasis on achievement, productivity and goal attainment. We ask our children what their grade is, not what they learned. We tend to measure our lives in terms of success and achievement and lose perspective on what it may mean to live well. This tendency ruptures any sense of meaning or balance in our lives.  We seem to lose the capacity for wonder and awe. Could you imagine looking at a magnificent rainbow and complaining that the width of one color was narrower than another?  Not only would that be ridiculous, we’d also be ruining the splendor of the moment. And yet that is exactly what we do when we judge ourselves for our imperfections. We forget that as humans we’re part of nature, as well. As such, we would benefit if we came into acceptance of the natural flow of life, which by the way happens to be imperfect.

In truth, the notions of perfect or imperfect are simply constructs of mind and have no actual basis other than thought has created them. The notion of perfection has existed since ancient Greece, but in its more modern incarnation, it is a construct of Newton’s machine. It has no place, however, in a participatory worldview. We internalize this model of perfection and imbue upon it some intrinsic truth, and then may spend our lives wastefully pursuing that “truth.”

Ironically, if someone ever could achieve this implausible state of perfection, it’s likely that very few people would tolerate him or her. For the perfect individual would be a constant reminder to all others of their own shortcomings. Not to mention that they probably wouldn’t be much fun to be with. Who would really tolerate, let alone enjoy, being with someone who was inhumanely perfect?

When I speak on this subject –the problem with perfectionism — I find that people often protest that they are simply striving for excellence and may ask what is wrong with trying to improve. My response is – there’s no problem with that at all, if it’s done with balance. But must you always be striving to improve? If so, you are forever climbing the ladder reaching to the rung above you. You never reach your goal, there are always more rungs. So you’ll be happy when?

The paradox here is that to perpetually strive suggests that you may not be at peace and that actually impedes your forward progress. In other words, the balance that is derived from pausing from the inexorable improvement permits intuitive growth. When we experience being present in the moment, our personal evolution may vault forward. However, if we are ceaselessly pushing ourselves forward, we may actually impinge the very progress we seek. To be the “best you can be,” requires that you free yourself from being the subject of your onerous demands. The over emphasis on a highly productive life is reminiscent of Newton’s machine-like ideology. Machines are intended to be productive. Humans are designed in much more complex ways, in which productivity is an important part, but not the entirety of our purpose.

American culture is driven toward excellence and the mantra of doing the best you can requires a deeper examination.  If we always value performance over tranquility or being present, we are sacrificing balance and a core value of what it means to be human. Emotional intelligence and relatedness may be sacrificed in the pursuit of excellence.  A life well lived would necessitate a harmony of excellence, joyfulness, relatedness and peace of mind. When one element obscures another, a lack of equilibrium sets in.

A Mask for Insecurity

I have often counseled people who were beleaguered by their need to be perfect. I have come to learn that their pursuit of perfection is really a disguise for their insecurity.  It becomes a statement that I’m not good enough just as I am. When we do that, we judge ourselves.

Usually we strive toward being perfect to compensate for a sense of inadequacy. People who want to be perfect usually have an exaggerated sense of their own shortcomings. They typically received messages earlier in life that they weren’t good enough.  So they decided that only by being perfect would they be beyond reproach. With such an affliction we might look at perfectionism as a compensation for earlier life experiences –wave collapses — that corrupted someone’s well-being and self-esteem. As a compensatory response, the drive toward perfection is erroneously sought as a solution.  Perfectionists tend to think that other people are somehow better or superior to them, so they need to be without flaw just to catch up. This is a terribly damaging myth.

Individuals who seek perfection are more sensitive to the judgments of others. In fact, these judgments are most often imagined. Everyone has an opinion, but elevating someone else’s opinion to the status of being a judge is really silly. After all, someone else can’t really judge you unless you confer upon him or her, the power of being a judge.

The only perfection is in being present, yet the perfectionist is never present


The closest thing to perfection is in the ability to be fully present. Without any distracting thoughts measuring or grading ourselves, we’re free to really be in the moment. It’s in that moment that we’re truly alive. Yet, the perfectionist isn’t typically present as they’re either busy critiquing the past and replaying their every decision or worrying about their future decisions. So you see the perfectionist is never really present. Isn’t that ironic?

The pursuit of perfection limits our ability to be present and literally robs us of the vitality of life. It is unachievable, unimaginable and frankly undesirable, so why pursue it? Your time would be far better spent in delving into how to transcend the insecurity that catalyzed the desire for perfection in the first place.

Analyzing, measuring and judging are the tools of the perfectionist. We might recall that these are the central tenets of Newton’s paradigm and as such we can see that perfectionism is symptomatic of that tired worldview.

Do not measure thyself!


In my work as a psychotherapist I often see individuals who are plagued by a relentless measuring of themselves. These people carry on an internal dialogue whereby their critical voice is enslaving, as they feel compelled to judge and measure most aspects of their lives. In such circumstances, these individuals rarely get to be present. Even when in conversation with others, they are only partly there, for a more private aspect is carrying on a self-critique at the same time. Their self-critical voice is embedded in a very deep and predictable groove.

Sometimes I learn that the inner dialogue actually speaks in the second person. Rather than speaking in the first person –“I” — the voice speaks even more critically by saying “You.” Rather than the thought, “I shouldn’t have done that,” you may say, “How could you have done that?” When this occurs I inquire as to who is actually speaking. There is literally a measuring voice in many people that becomes the critical second party. Sometimes this simply replicates the childhood experience of the critical parent. The greater problem is that the victim of the childhood abuse integrates the measuring voice as his or her own! I have never encountered the third person voice speaking approvingly to one’s self — only critically.

You can’t be in two places at the same time (except in cases of quantum entanglement) and you can’t engage two thoughts simultaneously. Every moment in which you measure or judge yourself is a moment you didn’t choose a better and healthier option. The state of potential is never reached. Peacefulness and mindfulness are never reached for the analyzing, measuring voice never relents. These are missed moments of valuable life experiences. If a significant percentage of your thoughts are self-critical, then indeed you have scripted that life experience for yourself. You are missing the rich experience of joyful life.

Just think about how this impacts your relationships. If you’re not present for yourself, how can you be for another?  This is ruinous for relating to others. If you feel perturbed by your own discontent, it has untold consequences for your relations with others.

Learning how to liberate yourself from this groove of negativity is altogether achievable once you set the intention. The techniques described in my posts, “Stuck in the Groove,” and “Breaking Free from the Comfort Zone,”  illuminate the method for coming out of the groove of old thoughts and feelings.

As a baseball fan, I’ve often been curious about those who sit in the stands with pencil and scorecard in hand. They make note of most every transaction of the game — a measuring if you will. Yet they miss the poetic elegance and flow of the game. If you measure yourself, you’ll miss out on the flow of life.

I’m not, however, proposing an anything goes attitude. There is a vast difference between the measuring analysis of our thoughts or a reflective self-evaluation. Evaluating is a gentler, and a subtler checking in, whereas the measuring makes a much deeper and incisive cut into the fabric of our being. Such measuring ruptures the integrity of our life experience and severs our greater participation in and with life. You cannot engage in the flow of life if you are mired in analytical self-measurement.


Listen to my recent Possibility Podcast, The Problem With Perfection.

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Richard Lawton

In my very first session with my very first training client I made a mistake with the pacing and intensity of the session – something I didn’t realise until she told me at the start of the next session that the first had been slightly overwhelming. The prefectionist in me was mortified… I apologised and told her I would slow things down. Imagine my surprise on reading her feedback at the end of our 10 sessions that my apology had been one of the most healing moments of her life. That was a huge learning for me.

I now see one of my roles with perfectionist clients as modelling “anti-perfectionism” – deliberately seeking their input on the process (to break any illusion that I am omniscient); careful self-revelation about my ‘imperfections’ and helping them understand that perfection excludes relationship (perfection is aloof and self-contained – you may stand in awe of it, but you can’t have a relationship with it).


Hi Mel,
I found you comments fascinating. I have struggled with perfectionism all my life. At a very young age, I was involved in a sport at a very high international level. One of my parent’s pushed very hard and best performances, excellent technique was all that was acceptable. The mood in the household was dictated by my daily performance at the sport. This parent was a good parent overall, but a perfectionist themselves. Unfortunately, this parent died when I was a young teenager, however, I have never been able to shake this need for perfectionism away, it is like a security blanket. Like you say, I have this inner voice criticising myself all the time. Other people opinions of me matter too much. Sometimes I fear or withdraw from doing things as I consider that every single detail may not be in place or perfect. I totally aware of it, and do work on it, but it is good to hear that there are more people out there like me. Keep up the good work


Hi Eileen,
Thanks so much for sharing. Please believe that you can overcome this measuring, critical inner voice. I have had significant success with people in transcending this challenge. You might want to read my section on Emergent Thinking as well. My DVD The Power of Mind also shares some approaches to overcoming this issue. Where do you live?


Hi Mel,
Thanks for the feedback. I live in Dublin Ireland

Srivatsaa R

Hi Mel,
By Chance I landed on your article on Perfectionism. What to say – A great presentation of the concepts & are thought provoking. This reading of your blog has come at a time where in I am going through a very bad mid career crisis where in I have lost very good jobs Twice in a span of 10 months – mainly due to Interpersonal skills where in one of the key root of the problem being my Perfectionist attitude leading to criticism of my team members & myself stressing up to Prove infront of my bosses. I am working on this and as a first step – I am consciously reminding myself to stop criticising myself or my past deeds / attitudes. Can you help with some more inputs for me to work on & to succeed in my effort and transform myself to a better person. I live in India .


I’d recommend your learning how to stop the torrent of critical self thought. You might be thinking, Well how do I do that? It’s not difficult but requires some new skills. You could purchase my DVD The Power of Mind or better still I could work you through the process if you prefer. I do offer telephone and skype sessions. My forthcoming book — A Shift of Mind — will illuminate this process, but regrettably won’t be out for a while.

Suparna Biswas

Excellent article Mel especially those two examples of rainbow and base ball fan. I have spent my childhood and adolescence with a perfectionist. That person was very confident – had a good academic record and a successful career. Apparently these qualities should motivate others but my self esteem was going down in the process of becoming perfect. I had to go away from her to make my confidence level upward moving.

I feel if ‘perfection’ can be replaced by ‘passion’, the quality of work will automatically remain good, which is apparently the concern of a perfectionist. Afterall, it is a positive energy like ‘inspiration’ which is expected to give positive result than a negative energy like ‘criticism’ – even it is made with a good intention to rectify others.


Hi Suparna,
Yes the key is to engage the process and seeking excellence if not personal mastery is admirable. This is far different from the neurosis of trying to attain perfection. Your self-esteem is derived from the former not the latter.

Myna German

The difference between loving achievement and perfectionism. In achievement, time management and output are important. SOmeone once told me you can spend 80 percent more time achieving that last 20 percent of perfection. Given that time is often money, you have to ask yourself is it worth it to spend 80 percent more time and money on a project to make it 20 percent better, or is your time–in the cause of bettering humanity too–better spebnt picking up more projects –of a do-gooder nature or otherwise and leveraing your time spent to produce even greater results and cure the world a little more. Or, another solution is to have other people work on that last 20 percent and as an entrepreneur go own and do another start-up based on your good ideas and leave that last 20percent that is going to be so time-consuming, realizing that it may not give you 80 percent better sales or results.

The part about perfectionism being caused by fear of inadequacy though, I am not sure of. Some people are just more detail-oriented and have that type of eye and seeing a little detail out of space ruins the gestalt for them. Often perfectionism comes from hyper-criticism though from a parent figure and non-acceptance of oneself–that part I will agree with.

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